Prior to commencement of construction work, industries are required to obtain Consent to Establish or an NOC (No Objection Certificate) under the Air (Prevention & Control) of Pollution Act, 1981, Water (Prevention & Control) of Pollution Act, 1974 and Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989. The consent obtained from the Pollution Control Board ensures that the industry is within environmental norms specified by the Board and has in place the appropriate mitigation measures. Once construction is complete, the industry will have to procure a 'Consent to Operate' to commence operations.
After application for NOC, an Environment Clearance should be obtained under the Environment Impact Assessment Notification, 2006. During this time the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority at State level or the Ministry of Environment & Forests will specify the requirement of an Environment Impact Assessment Report for documentation of baseline project conditions, potential impacts and possible mitigation measures.
Under the Forest Conservation Rules, 2003, every user agency who wants to use any forest land for non-forest purpose shall have to submit an application to the Chief Conservator of Forests of the concerned regional office of the Ministry of Environment of Forests.
The Central Government demarcated Coastal Regulation Zones and imposed restrictions on setting up and expansion of industries, operations and process under the Coastal Regulatory Zone notification (CRZ), September 2010. The notification declares five zones which fall under CRZ and have varying levels of restrictions on development depending on their ecological significance and sensitivity. Prior clearance has to be sought from the Coastal Zone Management Authority of each state for undertaking development projects.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has also initiated a World Bank assisted Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) project under which a hazard line will be demarcated along the Indian coast. The Survey of India will map the entire 6000 km length coast and a National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management in Chennai will undertake Coastal Zone Management.
Special attention has also been paid to slum rehabilitation schemes, redevelopment of unsafe buildings in CRZ II areas and development in pristine coastal habitats of Sunderbans and Goa.
Eco Ventures conducts public hearing as per the environment clearance and CRZ clearance protocol. We assist companies with preliminary data collection, surveys, preparation and submission of documentation as well as follow up with the pollution control board and other concerned government offices, for successful completion of the entire process.