Every year 30th January is celebrated as ‘National Cleanliness Day 2020’ in the memory of death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, to spread the message of cleanliness. The main motive of the day is to maintain cleanliness standards at our home, school, college, public toilet and other public places. Government and other non-profit organisation are creating awareness by implementing various scheme and other initiatives to make city clean. The initiatives are:-
1) Swacch Bharat Abhiyan Swacch Bharat Abhiyan was officially launch on 2nd October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Hon. Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest drive with three million government employees & students from all parts of India. The drive aim to achieve an ‘Open- Defecation free India’. Simultaneously, it also contribute to India towards achieving SDG- 6 (Clean Water & Sanitation), established by United Nations. Swacch Bharat Abhiyan 2019 declared Indore as the cleanest city in India for third time. As per 2019 survey, except for Bihar and Odisha, villages in all other states and union territories are open – defecation free. Only 7% of villages still have open defecation.
2) Swacch Survekshan Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs conducts ‘SwachhSurvekshan’ survey to improve urban sanitation. The objective of the survey is to encourage large scale citizen participation to make city clean and ensure sustainability of initiatives taken towards garbage free and open defecation free cities. Additionally, it creates awareness amongst all sections of society about the importance of working together towards making city a better place to live.
3) Eco city Programme Eco city Programme is implemented by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to improve environmental status and sustainable development of cities. CPCB develops urban development systems having innovative and non-conventional solution. The Eco city Programme was initiated under 10th plan to bring in visible environmental improvement in small towns. Under these programme, the funds areprovided to municipalities by CPCB to implement identified projects. The following towns are taken under the first phase of the programme to bring visible environmental improvement:-
a. Vrindavan (Uttar Pradesh)
b. Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh)
c. Puri (Orissa)
d. Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
e. Kottayam (Kerala)
f. Thanjavour (Tamil Nadu)
The benefits of clean city are as follows:-